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For when the editing functionality is back, to add some of these references on relation of affine Lie algebras to modular forms and $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$-representations:
Victor G. Kač, Dale H. Peterson, Affine Lie algebras and Hecke modular forms, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.) 3 3 (1980) 1057-1061 (bams:1183547694)
Victor G. Kač, Dale H. Peterson, Infinite-dimensional Lie algebras, theta functions and modular forms, Advances in Mathematics 53 2 (1984) 125-264 (doi:10.1016/0001-8708(84)90032-X)
review:
I. G. MacDonald, Affine Lie algebras and modular forms, Séminaire Bourbaki : vol. 1980/81, exposés 561-578, Séminaire Bourbaki, no. 23 (1981), Exposé no. 577 (numdam:SB_1980-1981__23__258_0)
Victor Kac, Minoru Wakimoto, Modular and conformal invariance constraints in representation theory of affine algebras, Advances in Mathematics 70 2 (1988) 156-236 (doi:10.1016/0001-8708(88)90055-2, spire:275458)
(I am giving this comment the category “latest changes” not because I made a change to the entry affine Lie algebra – which is impossible at the moment – but just so that once it’s possible again, this here will be, I believe, in the same thread as whatever edit logs will come. )
And, of course, the entry needs to be given full pointer to:
I am trying to get a better feeling for the non-integrable but “admissible” irreps of an affine Lie algebra $\widehat{\mathfrak{g}}_k$, due to
Victor G. Kač, Minoru Wakimoto, Modular invariant representations of infinite-dimensional Lie algebras and superalgebras, PNAS 85 14 (1988) 4956-4960 (doi:10.1073/pnas.85.14.4956)
Victor G. Kač, Minuro Wakimoto, Classification of modular invariant representations of affine algebras, p. 138-177 in V. G. Kač (ed.): Infinite dimensional lie algebras and groups Advanced series in Mathematical physics 7, World Scientific 1989 (pdf, cds:268092)
For the special case $\mathfrak{g} = \mathfrak{sl}_2$ the formula for the “admissible” weights is made explicit in
(on p. 9).
Am I reading this right that even for integral level $k \,\in\, \mathbb{N}$, the weight $\Lambda = k + 1$ (which violates the integrability bound $\Lambda \leq k$) is “admissible”?
That would indeed be what their formula on p. 9 says (taking $q = 1$, $m = 1$, $n = 0$ and $p = k$ the level), but i am worried that this is a boundary case in which the formula is not actually meant to apply. But if it does, what is the role of that non-integrable but admissible module in the WZW theory (which would seem to be the usual one at integral level)?
i am worried that this is a boundary case in which the formula is not actually meant to apply.
Just to add that I checked with an expert, and the formula on that p. 9 indeed has a typo: The range of the variable $n$ there should exclude 0, hence the correct condition is instead $n \,\in\, \{1, \cdots, p -1\}$.
This way, the admissible weights at integer level $k$ are still just the usual “integrable” values, namely the elements of $\{0, 1, \cdots, k\}$.
But…
…apparently the extra weight $-1 \,mod\, k + 2$ – that I was hoping to see –, does appear as the weight of one extra highest weight module which is not integrable, but is an “affine Kac module”, according to Rasmussen arXiv:1812.08384.
Or so it seems (e.g. p. 19), I am still in the process of absorbing this.
and added pointer to:
Urs, I am puzzled, why do you use this strange spelling “Kač” ? I know it is Jewish family name in Slavic environment. In this family name it is pronounced ts (both in East and West) which is normally spelled c in Slavic languages, no diacritics in any dialect. I know he lived in Moldova in part of his youth so maybe there is indeed some reason there (I have seen this occasionally somewhere, e.g. https://vdocuments.mx/contents-laksovnotesinvariantpdf-invariant-theory-victor-kac-abstract-notes.html but I see no parallel in any other word that ts would be spelled as č). Wikipedia uses c both in Latin and Cyrillic. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Kac
Many more occurrences at Victor Kac…
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