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    • CommentRowNumber1.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeDec 8th 2010
    • (edited Dec 8th 2010)

    Mr. or Mrs. Anonymous Coward created cell complex but didn’t have much to say. Maybe somebody feels like helping the Coward.

    (Is such activity failed spam or failed contribution?)

    • CommentRowNumber2.
    • CommentAuthorzskoda
    • CommentTimeDec 9th 2010

    I need to wake up early so can not help this time. But in any case there is more than one kind of cell complexes and categories of such in topology. Even for CW kind one can consider just cellular maps and all possible maps as morphisms, leading to different categories.

    • CommentRowNumber3.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeDec 9th 2010

    I am going to add the general definition: a cell complex is a (transfinite) composite of pushouts of generating cofibrations in a cofibrantly generated model category.

    But not tonight.

    • CommentRowNumber4.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeDec 9th 2010

    Actually, does anyone know what a cell complex is? That is, is there some combinatorial notion (in the sense that simplicial complexes are combinatorial) where the geometric realization of each basic cell is the convex hull of finitely many points in Euclidean space (just as the geometric realization of a simplex is an affine simplex), and the geometric realization of a cell complex has the property that the intersection of two cells is a cell?

    It seems to me this is rather nontrivial, and I’d be very interested if there were such a notion. Notice that I do not mean a CW complex; what I’m looking for belongs to “discrete mathematics”.

    • CommentRowNumber5.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeDec 9th 2010
    • (edited Dec 9th 2010)

    I seem to have killed a conversation I wanted to start! Perhaps I could try again.

    The rough intuition of the notion of “cell complex” I am looking for would involve sets C nC_n (whose elements are called nn-cells) for each n0n \geq 0, and boundary maps d n:C nP(C n1)d_n: C_n \to P(C_{n-1}), satisfying some axioms (which at first pass may appear a little clunky):

    1. There are only finitely many and more than zero (n1)(n-1)-cells in the boundary of an nn-cell. Each 1-cell has exactly two boundary 0-cells.

    2. Let C= nC nC = \bigcup_n C_n and consider the smallest transitive relation <\lt on CC such that c<cc' \lt c if cd n(c)c' \in d_n(c). (We say cc' is in the boundary of cc). Then the restriction of the boundary maps to the down-set determined by a cell cc defines an exact chain complex in the category of 2\mathbb{Z}_2-vector spaces (when the boundary maps are interpreted as matrices with values in 2\mathbb{Z}_2).

    3. Each cell is uniquely determined by the 0-cells on its boundary. That is, the map d:C nP(C 0)d: C_n \to P(C_0) defined by relational composition of boundary maps is injective for n>0n \gt 0.

    4. In the notation of 3., if cc and cc' are cells and d(c)d(c)d(c) \cap d(c') has at least two elements, then there exists a cell cc'' in the boundary of cc and cc' such that d(c)=d(c)d(c)d(c'') = d(c) \cap d(c'). (This cc'' is unique, by 3.)

    These are just a few axioms off the top of my head; I am not sure they are sufficient. “Sufficient” would imply that there is a “realization function” from C 0C_0 to a Euclidean space of sufficiently high dimension, so that each cell cc is geometrically realized as the convex hull of the (realizations of) 0-cells in its boundary.

    • CommentRowNumber6.
    • CommentAuthorTim_Porter
    • CommentTimeDec 9th 2010

    In 2. is xx' really cc'?

    There was a notion of polyhedral complex that in a manifestation as polyhedral T-complex came up in the thesis of one David Jones (from Wales, currently farming in mid-Wales). Also I thought, but cannot find, that Ronnie refers to cone complexes, and idea that might help.

    1. looks dodgy! Why injective? A suspension of a cell complex in this sense would hardly satisfy this. Or am I missing something?
    • CommentRowNumber7.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeDec 9th 2010

    Tim, thanks! I corrected that orphan xx'.

    Did you mean 3. looks dodgy? Sorry, I’m not seeing the difficulty; it is only trying to reflect the idea that the vertices of a cell c, which are the extreme points of c as a convex polytope, uniquely determine c as the convex hull.

    • CommentRowNumber8.
    • CommentAuthorTim_Porter
    • CommentTimeDec 9th 2010
    • (edited Dec 9th 2010)

    For 6: look at the source!!! It is the quirky behaviour with respect to numbered articles.

    Are you intending cell complexes always to be embedded in some Euclidean space? Otherwise you have to have some abstract notion of convex hull.

    It may pay looking at how combinatorists look at this sort of thing. Bjorner’s 60th birthday party gives some links. Bjorner’s own work may be relevant.

    • CommentRowNumber9.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeDec 10th 2010

    Tim: thanks. As you can see, I’m struggling just taking baby steps here. I do want a more sophisticated conceptual description of how these things are to be geometrically realized, but for now my task is just to try to sketch out the intended intuition so that I can get some good responses.

    Obviously I do want to know what the combinatorists have done, and not try to reinvent the wheel. Which of those links should I look at, and which of Björner’s papers should I look up?

    • CommentRowNumber10.
    • CommentAuthorTim_Porter
    • CommentTimeDec 10th 2010
    • (edited Dec 10th 2010)
    I cannot help on the detail in Bjorner's papers since it is 'yonks' since I looked at them. My method is always the well tried: pick a paper at random (not really at random but on the basis of title and availablity) look what is done, follow up any ideas that work.

    I just looked up polyhedral complex via Google and there seem to be loads of papers with the term, some of which look relevant, but usually with embedded in some R^n. ([Here](http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/1008/1008.2608v2.pdf) is one recent one.) Some of this may tell you what NO
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