Not signed in (Sign In)

Not signed in

Want to take part in these discussions? Sign in if you have an account, or apply for one below

  • Sign in using OpenID

Site Tag Cloud

2-categories 2-category 2-category-theory abelian-categories adjoint algebra algebraic algebraic-geometry algebraic-topology analysis analytic-geometry arithmetic arithmetic-geometry bundles calculus categories category category-theory chern-weil-theory cohesion cohesive-homotopy-theory cohesive-homotopy-type-theory cohomology colimits combinatorics complex-geometry computable-mathematics computer-science connection constructive constructive-mathematics cosmology definitions deformation-theory descent diagrams differential differential-cohomology differential-equations differential-geometry differential-topology digraphs duality elliptic-cohomology enriched fibration finite foundations functional-analysis functor galois-theory gauge-theory gebra geometric-quantization geometry goodwillie-calculus graph graphs gravity grothendieck group-theory harmonic-analysis higher higher-algebra higher-category-theory higher-differential-geometry higher-geometry higher-lie-theory higher-topos-theory history homological homological-algebra homotopy homotopy-theory homotopy-type-theory index-theory integration integration-theory internal-categories k-theory lie-theory limit limits linear linear-algebra locale localization logic mathematics measure-theory modal-logic model model-category-theory monoidal monoidal-category-theory morphism motives motivic-cohomology multicategories noncommutative noncommutative-geometry number-theory of operads operator operator-algebra order-theory pasting philosophy physics pro-object probability probability-theory quantization quantum quantum-field quantum-field-theory quantum-mechanics quantum-physics quantum-theory question representation representation-theory riemannian-geometry scheme schemes set set-theory sheaf simplicial space spin-geometry stable-homotopy-theory stack string-theory superalgebra supergeometry svg symplectic-geometry synthetic-differential-geometry terminology theory topological topology topos topos-theory type type-theory universal variational-calculus

Vanilla 1.1.10 is a product of Lussumo. More Information: Documentation, Community Support.

Welcome to nForum
If you want to take part in these discussions either sign in now (if you have an account), apply for one now (if you don't).
    • CommentRowNumber1.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeSep 7th 2011
    • (edited Sep 7th 2011)

    If I’m not mistaken, the nLab doesn’t have a good notation for the 2-category of locally small categories. We have Cat for the 2-category of small (or maybe essentially small) categories, and we have CAT for the very large category of large categories (not necessarily small hom-sets). The thing I want is intermediate. I suppose one might use SetSet-CATCAT (like VV-CatCat for V=SetV = Set, but allowing large classes of objects), but I find that notation unpleasant. Any suggestions?

    • CommentRowNumber2.
    • CommentAuthorHarry Gindi
    • CommentTimeSep 7th 2011
    • (edited Sep 7th 2011)

    You could use UCat where U denotes either a universe or the forgetful functor from 2-categories to 1-categories. The french notation is also alright, where the 2-category of categories is written as Cat with an underline.

    • CommentRowNumber3.
    • CommentAuthorMike Shulman
    • CommentTimeSep 7th 2011
    • (edited Sep 7th 2011)

    How about Cat? I admit it’s a pain to type and it doesn’t work in iTeX math mode…

    Edit: I tried Unicode entities for the small caps, and it looks fine outside of math mode (Cᴀᴛ) but inside of math mode the entities render differently somehow: C\mathrm{C}ᴀᴛ.

    • CommentRowNumber4.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeSep 7th 2011

    Thanks, Harry. Possibly I’ll use one of the two suggestions (although I hope to hear from others as well), starting with a creation of a page to introduce the notation. Would you be able to point me to a reference where either of those is used specifically for the 2-category of locally small 1-categories?

    • CommentRowNumber5.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeSep 7th 2011

    “Others” including Mike, who responded while I was typing. (Thanks for the suggestion, Mike – still weighing options. To my aging eyes, it looks very similar to CATCAT which is notation used for something else.)

    • CommentRowNumber6.
    • CommentAuthorMike Shulman
    • CommentTimeSep 7th 2011

    Without being familiar with all the words that French universe-people use, to me, writing “UCat” when U is a universe would make me guess that it means the (2-)category of U-small categories, not U-locally-small ones. And one problem with underlines is that we can’t make an nLab page named Cat̲\underline{Cat}.

    The only other thing I can think of is something like CAT lsCAT_{ls}, which maybe isn’t much better than Set-CAT. If I were writing a paper in which I needed the 2-category of locally small categories, but not the 2-category of all large categories, then I would be inclined to denote the former simply by CAT; but I guess we need a more globally consistent notation on the nLab. Would it work to say at the beginning of a particular page “On this page we write CAT to refer to the 2-category of locally small categories” and add a remark to CAT saying that sometimes it is used in that way?

    • CommentRowNumber7.
    • CommentAuthorTobyBartels
    • CommentTimeSep 7th 2011

    What about LSCatLS Cat?

    • CommentRowNumber8.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeSep 7th 2011
    • (edited Sep 7th 2011)

    Thanks, Toby – I think so far LSCatLSCat or LSCatLS Cat is my favorite. Even though I didn’t say so before, I happen to agree with what Mike said about UCatUCat – it’s apt to suggest the wrong thing.

    Don’t some people use catcat for the (2-)category of small categories, CatCat for locally small categories, and CATCAT for large (i.e., possibly class-sized) categories? Not saying we should follow that here, but rather wondering if my memory here is accurate.

    • CommentRowNumber9.
    • CommentAuthorTobyBartels
    • CommentTimeSep 7th 2011
    • (edited Sep 7th 2011)

    One could of course use ULSCatU LS Cat when one wishes to specify the universe according to which the categories are locally small. (And if you want the number of objects to be limited by another, presumably larger, universe VV, then one could do ULSVCatU LS V Cat. At this point it’s getting complicated.)

    • CommentRowNumber10.
    • CommentAuthorMike Shulman
    • CommentTimeSep 7th 2011

    The catcat/CatCat/CATCAT trinity is possible; I might have seen something like that before, but if so, I don’t remember where. I know I’ve seen “setset” used for the category of small sets, but I don’t remember about catcat.

    • CommentRowNumber11.
    • CommentAuthorDavidRoberts
    • CommentTimeSep 8th 2011
    • (edited Sep 8th 2011)

    LSCat is possibly bad notation, see LS-category

    I think Kelly someone used underlined C̲\underline{C} to denote the underlying category of a VV-category CC (or the underlying 1-category of a 2-category, which is just a special case, I suppose).

    • CommentRowNumber12.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeSep 8th 2011
    • (edited Sep 8th 2011)

    I’ve not seen Kelly use an underline for the underlying. In the TAC reprint of Basic Concepts, the underlying category is denoted C 0C_0. (And I could have sworn that it was actually C oC_o – that’s an ’o’, not a zero – to denote the ’ordinary’ (SetSet-enriched) category in the original edition from 1980 or so, but my memory could be playing tricks on me again.) But, it’s not very important.

    I guess your LS here gives me slight pause. But only slight, especially if we were to use only LSCatLS Cat and not LS-category. (This reminds me of an amusing thing that happened at Fadell’s birthday conference at UW-Madison, where I unfortunately didn’t meet Zoran. Jim Stasheff was introducing me to a topology professor, whose name I have forgotten, remarking that I was interested in higher category theory, something like that. The professor’s eyes lit up, and he was all excited to have me talk to his student, who he said was working on the same topic. So we did, but it took a minute or two of mutual incomprehension before it dawned on us that his was a different type of category – the Lusternik-Schnirelmann kind!)

    • CommentRowNumber13.
    • CommentAuthorDavidRoberts
    • CommentTimeSep 8th 2011

    Ah, you’re right. I’ve seen it somewhere, though. But perhaps not common enough to warrant an issue.

    What’s wrong with CAT lsCAT_{ls}? Or even lsCATlsCAT/lsCATls-CAT? Without capitalisation, lsls would probably not be misconstrued to be ’Lusternik-Schnirelmann’

    • CommentRowNumber14.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeSep 8th 2011
    • (edited Sep 8th 2011)

    What’s wrong with CAT lsCAT_ls? Or even lsCATlsCAT / lsUnknown characterUnknown characterUnknown characterCATls−CAT?

    Nothing! :-) Maybe one of those is the best choice after all.

    • CommentRowNumber15.
    • CommentAuthorTobyBartels
    • CommentTimeSep 8th 2011

    If you really want a hyphen in there (although I don’t like it myself), use ls‑CAT (in itex) to get ‘lsCATls‑CAT’. (In LaTeX, it’s not too hard either, but different.)

    • CommentRowNumber16.
    • CommentAuthorMike Shulman
    • CommentTimeSep 8th 2011

    And I could have sworn that it was actually C oC_o – that’s an ’o’, not a zero – to denote the ’ordinary’ (SetSet-enriched) category in the original edition from 1980 or so

    My goodness, you’re right! I just went and checked. I never noticed that before. Why do you suppose everyone writes it with a zero nowadays?

    • CommentRowNumber17.
    • CommentAuthorTodd_Trimble
    • CommentTimeSep 8th 2011

    My goodness, you’re right! … Why do you suppose everyone writes it with a zero nowadays?

    It’s an easy thing to misread I suppose (one expects a zero as a subscript before a lower-case o). It does seem odd that everyone, or at least those who retyped the text, misread or overlooked it, but I guess I believe that before I believe that anyone would intentionally change it (because – as you ask – why a zero? it doesn’t make much sense).

    I’ve heard it said that Max Kelly’s eyesight had deteriorated badly in his final years, so probably he wouldn’t have noticed a change in the manuscript. Do you think it’s worth bringing to people’s attention now?

    • CommentRowNumber18.
    • CommentAuthorDavidRoberts
    • CommentTimeSep 8th 2011

    I’ve heard it said that Max Kelly’s eyesight had deteriorated badly in his final years

    this is true. See http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.science.mathematics.categories/3602

    • CommentRowNumber19.
    • CommentAuthorMike Shulman
    • CommentTimeSep 8th 2011
    • (edited Sep 8th 2011)

    because – as you ask – why a zero? it doesn’t make much sense

    It’s especially odd because when V=Cat, this functor truncates a 2-category to a 1-category, so one would naively expect a subscript like “1”, not “0”.

    I just wasted a bunch of time looking through other papers and here’s what I found:

    • Kelly-Street “Review of the elements of 2-categories” (1974) writes C 0C_0
    • Street “Limits indexed by category-valued 2-functors” (1976) writes |C|{|C|}
    • Kelly “Structures defined by finite limits in the enriched context” (1980) writes C oC_{\mathrm{o}}
    • Kelly “Basic concepts of enriched category theory” (1982) writes C oC_{\mathrm{o}}
    • Blackwell-Kelly-Power “2-dimensional monad theory” (1989) writes C oC_{\mathrm{o}}
    • Kelly “Elementary observations on 2-categorical limits” (1989) writes C 0C_0

    So it looks like even Kelly was not consistent! I would like to know whether there is some explanation for the varying choices.