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Edit to: standard model of particle physics by Urs Schreiber at 2018-04-01 01:15:37 UTC.
Author comments:
added textbook reference
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The big international conference of $[$ 1974$]$ in London was a turning point $[$…$]$ Ellis’ catalog well reflected the state of theoretical confusion and general disarray in trying to interpret the $e^+ e^-$ data. But in the midst of all of this was a talk by John Iliopoulos (I think I was there too). With passionate zealotry, he laid out with great accuracy what we call the standard model. Everything was there: proton decay, charm, the GIM mechanism of course, QCD, the $SU(2)\times U(1)$ electroweak theory, $SU(5)$ grand unification, Higgs, etc. It was all presented presented with absolute conviction and sounded at the time just a little mad, at least to me (I am a conservative).
after
The exact standard model gauge group is the subgroup of the Jordan algebra automorphism group of the octonionic Albert algebra that “stabilizes a 4d sub-Minkowski spacetime” (see there for details).
I have added pointer to today’s article by Krasnov:
More concretely, it is identified with the subgroup of Spin(9) which respects a splitting $\mathbb{H} \oplus \mathbb{H} \simeq_{\mathbb{R}} \mathbb{C} \oplus \mathbb{C}^3$ (Krasnov 19)
re-arranged the list of references:
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Nakarin Lohitsiri, David Tong, Hypercharge Quantisation and Fermat’s Last Theorem (arXiv:1907.00514)
(relating to Fermat’s last theorem)
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