Not signed in (Sign In)

Start a new discussion

Not signed in

Want to take part in these discussions? Sign in if you have an account, or apply for one below

  • Sign in using OpenID

Site Tag Cloud

2-categories 2-category 2-category-theory abelian-categories adjoint algebra algebraic algebraic-geometry algebraic-topology analysis analytic-geometry arithmetic arithmetic-geometry bundles calculus categories category category-theory chern-weil-theory cohesion cohesive-homotopy-theory cohesive-homotopy-type-theory cohomology colimits combinatorics complex-geometry computable-mathematics computer-science connection constructive constructive-mathematics cosmology definitions deformation-theory descent diagrams differential differential-cohomology differential-equations differential-geometry differential-topology digraphs duality elliptic-cohomology enriched fibration finite foundations functional-analysis functor galois-theory gauge-theory gebra geometric-quantization geometry goodwillie-calculus graph graphs gravity grothendieck group-theory harmonic-analysis higher higher-algebra higher-category-theory higher-differential-geometry higher-geometry higher-lie-theory higher-topos-theory history homological homological-algebra homotopy homotopy-theory homotopy-type-theory index-theory integration integration-theory internal-categories k-theory lie-theory limit limits linear linear-algebra locale localization logic mathematics measure-theory modal-logic model model-category-theory monoidal monoidal-category-theory morphism motives motivic-cohomology multicategories noncommutative noncommutative-geometry number-theory of operads operator operator-algebra order-theory pasting philosophy physics pro-object probability probability-theory quantization quantum quantum-field quantum-field-theory quantum-mechanics quantum-physics quantum-theory question representation representation-theory riemannian-geometry scheme schemes set set-theory sheaf simplicial space spin-geometry stable-homotopy-theory stack string-theory superalgebra supergeometry svg symplectic-geometry synthetic-differential-geometry terminology theory topological topology topos topos-theory type type-theory universal variational-calculus

Vanilla 1.1.10 is a product of Lussumo. More Information: Documentation, Community Support.

Welcome to nForum
If you want to take part in these discussions either sign in now (if you have an account), apply for one now (if you don't).
    • CommentRowNumber1.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeApr 13th 2018

    started some bare minimum omn RR-field tadpole cancellation. Currently I am using this just to complement discussion at intersecting D-brane models

    v1, current

    • CommentRowNumber2.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeJan 28th 2019

    added graphics from Ibanez-Uranga 12.

    diff, v5, current

    • CommentRowNumber3.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeJan 30th 2019

    added a bunch of references that discuss tadpole cancellation in terms of K-theory charges.

    In particular section 4 of

    makes explicit the tadpole cancellation condition as equations satisfied by the representation characters corresponding to fractional D-branes.

    diff, v6, current

    • CommentRowNumber4.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeJan 31st 2019
    • (edited Jan 31st 2019)

    I started to spell out and discuss some actual mathematical details of tadpole cancellation for the special case of fractional D-branes at orientifold singularities (here), where it turns out to be a neat little thing in elementary representation theory.

    It took me a good while to isolate the required general statement from the literature, now referenced to in Marchesano 03.

    Beware that in doing so, I am currenly slightly extrapolating: The tadpole cancellation condition as I now state it in the entry is stated in Marchesano 03 (4.9) only for A-type singularities. The formula trivially generalizes to all kinds of singularities, but one should check that in this evident generalization it really still encodes RR-tadpole cancellation. I haven’t yet found any references considering this.

    diff, v7, current

    • CommentRowNumber5.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeJan 31st 2019
    • (edited Feb 1st 2019)

    But in either case, the key point is that for a linear representation VV, read as a fractional D-brane charge, the character value

    Mtr V(e)=dim(V) M \coloneqq tr_V(e) =dim(V)

    at the neutral element plays a different role than those at the non-trivial elements

    Q gtr V(g)ge. Q_{g} \coloneqq tr_V(g) \;\;\;\; g \neq e \,.

    The former plays the role of mass, and only the latter should be referred to as RR-charges.

    With this finally sorted out, the idea of approaching this via stability conditions becomes viable again…

    • CommentRowNumber6.
    • CommentAuthorDavid_Corfield
    • CommentTimeJan 31st 2019

    Fixed a few typos. Sounds like

    Detailed review of this is in Marchesano 03, Section 4, based on

    is missing an end.

    diff, v9, current

    • CommentRowNumber7.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeJan 31st 2019


    Right, I was still going through the references that this section 4 is appearently based on, apparently it’s specifically these two

    • G. Aldazabal, D. Badagnani, Luis Ibáñez, Angel Uranga, Tadpole versus anomaly cancellation in D=4,6D=4,6 compact IIB orientifolds, JHEP 9906:031, 1999 (arXiv:hep-th/9904071)

    • Gabriele Honecker, Intersecting brane world models from D8-branes on (T 2×T 4 3)/Ω 1(T^2 \times T^4\mathbb{Z}_3)/\Omega\mathcal{R}_1 type IIA orientifolds, JHEP 0201 (2002) 025 (arXiv:hep-th/0201037)

    If that is the case, then (4.9) and (4.15) in

    is a real achievement in global clarification

    diff, v10, current

    • CommentRowNumber8.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeJan 31st 2019

    added also the example of tadpole cancellation at a 2D 4=Q 82 D_4 = Q_8-singularity, here

    diff, v10, current

    • CommentRowNumber9.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeJan 31st 2019

    added also the example of tadpole cancellation at a 2D 82 D_8 -singularity, here

    diff, v10, current

    • CommentRowNumber10.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeJan 31st 2019
    • (edited Jan 31st 2019)

    added also the example of tadpole cancellation at a 2T2 T-singularity, here

    The mass of the generating tadole-free fractional D-brane is… 24.

    Interestingly, this still has \mathbb{Z}-worth of solutions to the homogeneous tadpole condition, even though (in contrast to the dihedral cases) this system now is overconstrained.

    diff, v11, current

    • CommentRowNumber11.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeFeb 2nd 2019
    • (edited Feb 2nd 2019)

    added the remark here that the homogeneous (no O-planes) tadpole cancellation for fractional D-branes has non-trivial solutions precisely if the “character morphism followed by forgetting the dimension” is still injective away from the regular rep.

    diff, v19, current

    • CommentRowNumber12.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeFeb 2nd 2019

    Okay, so the operation of forming minus the sum of the truncated character values recovers the dimension of the rep modulo the order of the group (since it gives the actual dimension on the nontrivial irreps and 1 minus the order of the group on the trivial irrep). This means that the virtual reps in the kernel of the truncated character map must have dimension being a multiple of the order of the group. But by injectivity of the full character map, these must be the multiples of the regular rep. So these are generally the only solutions to that homogeneous tadpole cancellation condition.

    • CommentRowNumber13.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeFeb 3rd 2019

    added statement and proof (here) that the multiples of the regular rep exhaust the space of solutions of the homogeneous tadpole cancellation condition for fractional D-branes

    diff, v23, current

    • CommentRowNumber14.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeFeb 3rd 2019

    maded a bunch of little edits here and elsewhere:

    • included here graphics for tadpole cancellation from worldsheet perspective

    • gave O-plane a stub section on O-plane charge and cross-linked with pointer to the literature

    • gave Riemannian orbifold a graphics illustrating 2 2\mathbb{R}^2 \sslash \mathbb{Z}_2

    • added more textbook references

    diff, v26, current

    • CommentRowNumber15.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTimeMar 16th 2019

    added references on C-field tadpole cancellation (here)

    diff, v28, current

    • CommentRowNumber16.
    • CommentAuthorUrs
    • CommentTime1 day ago

    added pointer to today’s

    • Philip Betzler, Erik Plauschinn, Type IIB flux vacua and tadpole cancellation (arXiv:1905.08823)

    diff, v33, current

Add your comments
  • Please log in or leave your comment as a "guest post". If commenting as a "guest", please include your name in the message as a courtesy. Note: only certain categories allow guest posts.
  • To produce a hyperlink to an nLab entry, simply put double square brackets around its name, e.g. [[category]]. To use (La)TeX mathematics in your post, make sure Markdown+Itex is selected below and put your mathematics between dollar signs as usual. Only a subset of the usual TeX math commands are accepted: see here for a list.

  • (Help)