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am finally splitting this off as a stand-alone page (material used to be at cosmological constant and at F-theory). Added a paragraph linking with inhomogeneous cosmology.
I have added a section References – Phenomenology and expanded the section Properties – Phenomenology, pointing out that the recent and very recent contrarian claims in astrophysics would be exactly in line with “Witten’s dark fantasy”. Heh.
added pointer to today’s rebuttal of the recent contrarian claim that data prefers a “closed” universe:
But then I also added pointer to Handley 19 and quoted their abstract as a reply to today’s critique, if you wish. Now the paragraph in total reads as follows:
Arguments that the PLANCK satellite data actually prefers a closed spatial slices (contrary to the assumption in the current standard model of cosmology):
Will Handley, Curvature tension: evidence for a closed universe (arXiv:1908.09139, spire:1751120)
Eleonora Di Valentino, Alessandro Melchiorri, Joseph Silk, Planck evidence for a closed Universe and a possible crisis for cosmology, Nature Astronomy 2019 (arXiv:1911.02087, doi:s41550-019-0906-9)
A critique of these arguments is given in
but this critique again rests on just the combination Planck collaboration & baryon acoustic peak (BAO) & supernova-data which the above references argue cannot sensibly be combined.
From the abstract of Handley 19:
The curvature parameter tension between Planck 2018, cosmic microwave background lensing, and baryon acoustic oscillation data is measured using the suspiciousness statistic to be 2.5 to 3σ. Conclusions regarding the spatial curvature of the universe which stem from the combination of these data should therefore be viewed with suspicion. Without CMB lensing or BAO, Planck 2018 has a moderate preference for closed universes, with Bayesian betting odds of over 50:1 against a flat universe, and over 2000:1 against an open universe.
added pointer to today’s
Hah!
That’s rather remarkable. I’m liking the hypothesis of non-homogeneity more and more. Mathematically and physically, it’s very attractive, and parsimonious.
Is the supersymmetry being rule out here
but no finite-energy-excitation of the vacuum appears supersymmetrically, hence fermions and bosons in the model do not appear in supersymmetric spectra,
enough to rule out MSSM?
That’s rather remarkable.
Indeed. This will be (if it holds water) on par with the elimination of the luminiferous aether.
enough to rule out MSSM?
Yes, this “$D=4$, $\mathcal{N}= 1/2$ supersymmetry” is not the MSSM – or maybe you could think of this as the “MSSM with all supersymmetry completely broken, at all scales”.
That’s the beauty of it:
Supersymmetry is completely broken, at all scales (hence making no super-partners appear) – except on the vacuum, in that its only residual effect is to force the bosonic vacuum energy to cancel against the fermionic vacuum energy.
That, and that it follows from Cohomotopy, of course ;-)
Supersymmetry is completely broken, at all scales (hence making no super-partners appear)
wow, I’ve never heard of this sort of model before! Not that I dig through literature or read reviews, but one would have thought that this option would be mentioned now and then, given the current lack of experimental detection of superpartners.
I’ve never heard of this sort of model before!
So you haven’t actually looked at the entry: Witten’s Dark Fantasy :-)
one would have thought that this option would be mentioned now and then
This is just one of several striking developments of modern physics out there which the dumbed-down public discourse doesn’t pick up on. The others are: b) significant detection of New Physics in the flavour sector, c) promising solution of confined QCD by holography/D-brane models. And all three solutions talk to each other. But not to the public ;-)
Cool! I haven’t any sense of how much of a constraint it is for an 8-manifold to be an elliptic fibration. Do we know if this is a demanding condition for a $Spin(7)$-manifold?
If you want to see the detailed implementation of the Dark Fantasy in F-theory compactifications see these references ny Heckmann et al.
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