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• CommentRowNumber1.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeSep 26th 2011
• CommentRowNumber2.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeJan 7th 2012
• (edited Jan 7th 2012)

briefly added the argument on the boundary conditions for the sugra C-field to Hořava-Witten theory. (not well written, maybe I’ll polish this later. )

• CommentRowNumber3.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeAug 6th 2015

added to Horava-Witten theory pointer to the recent

• CommentRowNumber4.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeNov 13th 2015
• (edited Nov 13th 2015)

It just occurs to me that there is also a first-principles derivation of Hořava-Witten theory from just the brane bouquet and the parameterized WZW terms that it induces:

Way back in D’Auria-Fre 81, there is this curious observation, in equation (3.14), that besides the $2+2$ cocycle for the M2-brane, there is also what would be the $10+2$ cocycle for an M10-brane on 11-dimensional super-Minkowski spacetime. This was not considered elsewhere in the brane scan.

Now there is a reason for this – but not an entirely good reason. The reason is that on 11d super-Minkowski spacetime, this 10+2 cocycle is exact. It’s (left invariant) potential is simply the 11-dimensional volume form.

This means that there is no non-trivial M10-brane on 11-dimensional super-Minkowski spacetime. But it also means this: on non-orientable 11-dimensional super-spacetimes, there is a non-trivial M10 brane. (Not by speculation, but by mathematics.)

Even better: even if the 11-dimensional superspacetime happens to be orientable, we may force a non-trivial M10-brane to appear by orientifolding it: hence by, in particular, passing to the orbifold quotient by an orientation non-preserving $\mathbb{Z}_2$-action.

Globalizing the 10+2 cocycle over an 11d orientifold hence gives the following: there is an M10 brane on such an orientifold whose supercharge is trivial almost everywhere, except rigth there are the $\mathbb{Z}_2$ fixed point loci. So charge-wise it looks like it decays to an M9-brane sitting at these fixed points.

And that of course if just what Hořava-Witten theory is.

• CommentRowNumber5.
• CommentAuthorDavid_Corfield
• CommentTimeApr 17th 2018

Presumably $X_{10} \times /(S^1//\mathbb{Z}_2)$ should be $X_{10} \times (S^1//\mathbb{Z}_2)$.

• CommentRowNumber6.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeApr 17th 2018

Thanks, fixed now.

• CommentRowNumber7.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeApr 22nd 2018
• (edited Apr 22nd 2018)

Expanded the Idea-section slightly to include also the type I case, hence the picture of the triple of dualities

$\array{ HE &\overset{KK/\mathbb{Z}^A_2}{\leftrightarrow}& M &\overset{KK/\mathbb{Z}^B_2}{\leftrightarrow}& I' \\ \mathllap{T}\updownarrow && && \updownarrow \mathrlap{T} \\ HO && \underset{\phantom{A}S\phantom{A}}{\leftrightarrow} && I }$
• CommentRowNumber8.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeOct 26th 2018

added disambiguation line to the entry

This entry is about the conjectured relation between M-theory at MO9-planes and heterotic string theory on these. For the relation of M-theory KK-compactified on a K3-surface and heterotic string theory on a 3-torus see instead at duality between M/F-theory and heterotic string theory

(since “duality between M-theory and heterotic string theory” redirects to here, while it could equally well redirect to there)

• CommentRowNumber9.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeFeb 25th 2020

completed publication data of various references, and added these two on phenomenology:

• CommentRowNumber10.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeFeb 25th 2020

added pointer to this original article:

• CommentRowNumber11.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeAug 12th 2020

• CommentRowNumber12.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeAug 14th 2020

• Ian G Moss, A new look at anomaly cancellation in heterotic M-theory, Phys. Lett. B637 (2006) 93-96 (arXiv:hep-th/0508227)
• CommentRowNumber13.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeAug 14th 2020

• CommentRowNumber14.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeAug 14th 2020

• Ian G Moss, Higher order terms in an improved heterotic M theory, JHEP 0811:067, 2008 (arXiv:0810.1662)
• CommentRowNumber15.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeAug 14th 2020

• Adel Bilal, Jean-Pierre Derendinger, Roger Sauser, M-Theory on : New Facts from a Careful Analysis, Nucl. Phys. B576 (2000) 347-374 (arXiv:hep-th/9912150)
• CommentRowNumber16.
• CommentAuthorUrs
• CommentTimeOct 17th 2020